The Beijing Declaration on Research Data
Date: Nov 8, 2019
- Massive global challenges require multilateral?and cross-disciplinary cooperation and the broad reuse of data to?improve?coherence concerning recent UN landmark agreements, such as the Paris Climate?Agreement, the Sendai?Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the Sustainable?Development Goals (SDGs), the Convention on Biological?Diversity, the Plant?Treaty, the World Humanitarian Summit, and others. The comprehensive agendas?for action?provided by these agreements requires access to and reuse of all?kinds of data.
- Research and problem-solving, especially?addressing the SDG challenges, are increasingly complex and driven by?‘big?data’, resulting in the need to combine and reuse very diverse data resources?across multiple fields. This poses an?enormous challenge in the?interoperability of data and responsible stewardship, with full respect for?privacy.
- Rapid advances in the technologies that generate?and analyze data pose major challenges concerning data volume,?harmonization,?management, sharing, and reuse. At the same time, emerging technologies?(including machine?learning) offer new opportunities that require access to?reusable data available in distributed, yet interoperable,?international data?resources.
- Changing norms and ethics encourage high-quality?research through greater transparency, promote the reuse of data,?and improve?trustworthiness through the production of verifiable and reproducible research?results. Increasing the?openness of research data is efficient, improving the?public return on investment, and generating positive?externalities.
- Open Science initiatives are emerging globally,?including in less economically developed countries. There?consequently are?opportunities for these countries to take advantage of technological?developments to develop a?greater share in scientific production. Without?determined action, there is also a risk that the divide in scientific?production will widen.